The Maharaja of

Kerajaan Kutai Mulawarman

The history of the Kutai Kingdom in Martapura originated from the reign of the Kingdom of Sagara Pravatam Sadiva Malaya which in the 1st century was led by Tan Tahani during the reign of Maharaja Sri Kudungga Kingdom and became a country with the name Kutai Kingdom with its capital in Martapura (Muara Kaman) so that in from 1635 to 2001 state power was held by the colonialists until sovereignty returned with the name Kutai Mulawarman Kingdom and there are 50 kings to this day.

Kutai Kingdom is a Hindu kingdom in the archipelago which is the earliest kingdom in Indonesia. Ancient Kutai Kingdom originated from a regional kingdom named Sadiva Malaya Sagara which was founded in 17 AD in and then received the arrival of Hindu priests from Barata (India).

The Kutai Kingdom embraced Hinduism and became a large country in the 4th century (around 400 AD) with evidence found 7 Yupa-Shaped Inscription Poles in Muara Kaman, Kutai Kertanegara Regency, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.

This kingdom is located in Muara Kaman, East Kalimantan, to be precise in the upper reaches of the Mahakam River, The name ‘Kutai’ in the Pallava language is “Qutaire” which means vast wilderness because this kingdom has vast seas and land.

The capital is Maradavure (Martapura)means the Door of Jewel, The Yupa Stone and the Yoni Lingga Stone were built by “Brahmins”, which is now called the Yupa Inscription.  Yupa’s name is mentioned in the found inscriptions indicating the existence of a royal plinth built in the 4th century.

This religious culture was brought to Indonesia around the 2nd or 4th century with each of them brought by the Warandewa Wangsa Merchants, namely Indian and Campa traders.

There is very limited information in the past, because because this kingdom was abandoned it could not appear again however various sources of historical writing are obtained and research evidence is still being carried out by the Indonesian government.

In the life of the dynasty or the descendants of kings still maintain traditions and ceremonies so that from the culture of Belian Belian Tanah, Belian Semega, Belian Tujuh Buka Walu and Sawai Language, Indeed and Dondang and Dandeng and Neroyong Lineage and customary law are still reminded from generation to generation the latest generations were only recorded in 1997 and completed in 1999 to 2011, the genealogies were registered in the register book of the District Court in Tenggarong.

The era of the Kutai Kingdom in Martapura began during the reign of Maharaja Sri Mulawarman Naladewa in the 4th century.  Although previously they were Maharaja Sri Kudungga and Maharaja Acwawarman and Para Tahani.

Developed area during the reign of Maharaja Sri Mulawarman Naladewa, its inhabitants lived well and they felt peaceful.  In the 13th century, there was an attack from the Tar – Tar Mongol kingdom to the Java region.  Then then in Java the Majapahit Kingdom was established which had an area up to the Banjar Kingdom, and has the Kartanegara Kebataran.

It was under the colonial power of the VOC which changed the political situation in the archipelago so that in 1635 the VOC power really wanted to control the territory of the Kings by war.  Then after VOC colonization and in the era of Indonesian independence, the kingdom was revived by the Government in an effort to preserve cultural traditions.

On September 03, 2001 to September 09, 2001.
Located at Muara Kaman, CERAU was held, namely the Mulawarman Traditional Ceremony (UAM) Soothe:  Maharaja Srinala Praditha Alpiansyahrechza Fachlevie Wangsawarman (M.S.P.A.Iansyahrechza.FW) Maharaja Kutai Mulawarman, the Great Sovereign with the title, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sripaduka Baginda Maharaja Kutai Mulawarman.